Brief historical review
Telecommunications service was introduced in Ethiopia by Emperor Menelik II in 1894 when the construction of the telephone line from Harar to the capital city, Addis Ababa, was commenced. Then the interurban network continued to expand satisfactorily in all other directions from the capital. Many important centers in the Empire were interconnected by lines, thus facilitating long distance communication with the assistants or operators at intermediate stations frequently acting as verbal human repeaters between the distant calling parties.
Establishment of ethio telecom
As a continuation of the 2005/06 – 2009/10 five-year plan and after concentrating its efforts on education, health and agriculture, the Ethiopian government has decided to focus on the improvement of telecommunication services, considering them as a key lever in the development of Ethiopia. Ethio telecom is born, on 29th November 2010, from this ambition of supporting the steady growth of our country, within the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP), with ambitious objectives for the year 2015. The Ethiopian government has decided to transform the telecommunication infrastructure and services to world class standard, considering them as a key lever in the development of Ethiopia. Thus, ethio telecom is born from this ambition to bring about a paradigm shift in the development of the telecom sector to support the steady growth of our country.
International connection links
Sut-1A is the largest satellite dish which has a radius of 32m and its direction is 335.5 Degree East. This satellite earth station is built by a Japanese telecom equipment manufacturer NEC (Nippon Electric Company) in collaboration with local engineers; it was officially launched to carry traffic on September 9, 1979 E.C. The station positioned itself to the satellite owned and operated by INTELSAT which was positioned to cover the Atlantic Ocean region. The satellite station has a link capacity of 90.75X E1 which is equivalent to 2722.5 channels and it is used for both voice and data. The second satellite link was built in 1985; it is a medium sized satellite dish having a radius of 13m. This earth station which is also built by the Japanese based company NEC has its direction at 60 Degree East and it has positioned itself to the satellite owned and operated by INTELSAT and cover the Indian Ocean Region (IOR), the station links the country with the Middle East and Far East countries. The earth station has a capacity of 0.5 E1 which is equivalent to 16 channels and is used to support voice services. The last digital satellite dish is the smallest of all the three and has a radius of 7.3m. this satellite earth station is built by SKY VISION and it has positioned to the satellite owned and operated by SKY VISION itself and positioned to cover the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). This satellite is the latest and most sophisticated of the other three and was launched in 2000 E.C. It has a capacity of 3X STM1 which is equivalent to 400/100 MB uplink/downlink for internet service.
National Connection Links
So far, there are 661 fully automatic exchanges, as the high capacity exchanges are located in Addis Ababa and larger cities of the country around 70% of the Public Switch Telephone Network (PSTN) subscribers are located in Addis Ababa. To support the high bandwidth requirement of the existing as well as the future telecom services of a high capacity optical fiber (24 core) was installed from Addis Ababa to the main cities of the country in four different routes, Addis Ababa – Jimma, Addis Ababa – Nekempt, Addis Ababa – Bahirdar – Gondar – Metema and Addis Ababa –Dessie – Mekelle. The legacy fiber has a strength 2350 km. total number of nods in all the four routes is 85 and from which 48 towns have a capacity of STM – (155 MB) and the rest 37 towns have a capacity of STM – 16 (2.4 GB). Through the NGN project carried which was carried out since 2000 E.C, the optical transmission network has been upgraded and additional optical fiber has been installed; this makes the total strength of the optical network to 10,256 km. the capacity was upgraded to 400 GB in September 2008 and the total number of towns covered reached 186. The total length of optical fiber installed during the Next Generation Network project is 7906 Km. There is a metropolitan ring network in the capital with a capacity equivalent to the backbone optical transmission network and a total length of 69 Km.
To be a world-class telecom service provider
- Connect Ethiopia through state of the art telecom services
- Provide high quality, innovative and affordable telecom products and services that enhance the development of our nation and ensure high customer satisfaction
- Build reputable brand known for its customers’ consideration
- Build its managerial capability and man power talent that enables ethio telecom to operate at international level
- Support community and environmental development
Lead with vision
- Be committed to understand, meet and exceed the telecom needs and expectations of the country at large and of customers in particular.
- Respect customers and recognize that the revenue generated allows ethio telecom to operate.
- Recognize employees of ethio telecom as most valuable assets and create conducive working environment that allows them to develop and grow.
- Be committed to high-level performances. Customer service quality, organizational excellence and continuous improvement of quality of services.
- Be ethical and honest in all assignments.
- Be accountable to all stakeholders.