About Ethio telecom

Brief historical review

Telecom service was introduced in Ethiopia by Emperor Menelik II in 1894 during the commencement of the telephone line installation from Harar to Addis Ababa. Then the inter-urban network was expanded in all other directions from the capital and many important centers in the Empire were interconnected by landlines to facilitate long-distance communications with the help of intermediate operators acting as verbal human repeaters.

Establishment of Ethio telecom

As a continuation of the 2005/06-2009/10 five-year plan and after concentrating its efforts on education, health and agriculture, the Ethiopian government decided to focus on the improvement of telecommunication services considering them as key lever in the development of Ethiopia. Ethio telecom was born on 29 November 2010, from this ambition of supporting the steady growth of our country.

Organizational reform

  • 1890 :- Central Administration of Telephone and Telegraph System of Ethiopia
  • 1907:- The central office of Post, Telegraph and Telephone (PTT) System of Ethiopia
  • 1910 :- Ministry of Post, Telegraph and Telephone (PT&T) 
  • 1952 :- The Imperial board Telecommunication of Ethiopia (IBTE)

(Recruited promising young Ethiopian to fill various senior positions and carried out and completed the Ethiopianization program in 1973)

  • 1975 :- The provisional Military of Socialist Ethiopian Telecommunication Services
  • 1996 :- Ethiopian Telecommunication Corporation (ETC)
  • 2010 :- Ethio telecom

Transition to Ethio telecom

Ethio telecom has got its current status since 29th November 2010 as a part of Ethiopia’s 2005/06 – 2009/10 GTP following the federal government’s decision to focus on improving telecom services, taking them as key to national development. Consequently, the country’s telecom infrastructure and services have been transformed to world-class standards to facilitate the development of the country with a great paradigm shift in the improvement of the sector.

National Connection Links

We have had 661 fully automatic exchanges so far with high capacity exchanges in Addis Ababa and major cities. To support the high bandwidth need of the current and the future telecom services, a high capacity optical fiber (24 core) was installed from Addis Ababa to othe major cities in four different routes, Addis Ababa – Jimma, Addis Ababa – Nekemt, Addis Ababa – Bahirdar – Gondar – Metema and Addis Ababa –Dessie – Mekelle. We increased the total strength of the optical network to 10,256KM with an enhanced capacity of 400 GB in September 2008 and the total number of towns covered reached 186. We installed 7906km of optical fiber during the NGN project was in 2000. We also have a metropolitan ring network in the capital with a capacity equivalent to the backbone optical transmission network and 69km long.

International connection links

We owned Sut-1A, the largest satellite dish with a radius of 32m, built by Nippon Electric Company (NEC) in collaboration with local engineers and was officially launched to carry traffic on September 9, 1979 E.C. by positioning itself to INTELSAT that covered the Atlantic Ocean region. The satellite station has a link capacity of 90.75X E1 equivalent to 2722.5 channels and is used for both voice and data transmission. Another satellite dish with 13m a radius was built in 1985 by NEC at 60 Degree East by positioning itself to INTELSAT to cover Indian Ocean Region to link Ethiopia to the Middle and Far East countries. The station had a capacity of 0.5E1 equivalent to 16 channels, which was used for voice services. A small-sized latest, and the most sophisticated digital satellite dish with 7.3m radius and 3X STM1 capacity (400/100 MB uplink/downlink for internet service) was then built by and positioned to SKY VISION to cover the Indian Ocean Region (IOR), which was launched in 2008 E.C.

Milestones: Technological Evolution

LTE Advanced

LTE advanced introduced in selected areas of Addis Ababa



4G/LTE introduced in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia



Next Generation Fixed , Third Generation (3G) network  and dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) based on Optical fiber transmission introduced


Broadband multimedia service

Broadband multimedia service launched


Roaming service

Roaming service launched


Mobile service

Mobile service launched.


Internet service

Internet service introduced.


Digital microwave & fiber cable communication systems

Digital microwave & fiber cable communication systems initiated


Digital exchanges

Digital exchanges installed


Launched International communication through Sululta Earth Satellite Station

  • Launched International communication through Sululta Earth Satellite Station positioned to three different directions
  • 1979 :- The largest satellite dish (32 M Radius)
  • 1987 : - The second largest satellite dish
  • 1987 : - The smallest largest but highly sophisticated satellite dish (32 M Radius)

1979 -1987

Installed radio stations for international and domestics services

Installed radio stations for international and domestics services


Telegraph Service

Dire Dewa -Djibouti telegraph service started


Long distance voice communication with the assistance /Operator

Started the service by long distance voice communication with the assistance /Operator

  1. Connect Ethiopia through state of the art telecom services
  2. Provide high quality, innovative and affordable telecom products and services that enhance the development of our nation and ensure high customer satisfaction
  3. Build reputable brand known for its customers’ consideration
  4. Build its managerial capability and man power talent that enables Ethio telecom to operate at international level
  5. Support community and environmental development

To be a world-class telecom service provider

  • Customer-centric

We provide quick response to our customers and employees in line with their interests and values

  • Excellence

We are committed for quality and efficiency so that we are able to ensure excellent customer experience

  • Accountability

We carry out our activities with integrity, transparency, honesty and full responsibility

  • Impartiality

We are committed to be impartial and serve without any bias

  • Sharing

We always strive in synergy so as to accomplish the mission of our company